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最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Electrospun PAN–GO composite nanofibers as water purification membranes

Author and unit

Jeonghun Lee,1 Jawhan Yoon,1 Jun-Hyun Kim,2 Taegwan Lee,3 Hongsik Byun1

1Department of Chemucal Engineering,Keimyung University,Daegu 704-701,South Korea

2Department df Chemisty ,lllinois State University,Daegu 704-701,South Korea

Correspondence to:H.Byun (E-mail:hsbyun@kmu.ac.kr)

Journal of Applied polymer science

Joumal Impact Factor:1.86

Year: 2017

Artcleinfo

Received 20 June 2017;accepted 29 September 2017

DOI:10.1002/app.45858

ABSTRACT

Varying amounts of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) are systematically incorporated into nanoscale polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers via an electrospinning method. Subsequent treatment of the PAN–GO composite nanofibers under a moderate temperature and high pressure leads to the formation of membrane sheets with enhanced mechanical properties. scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and contact angle measurements confirm the successful incorporation of the GO into the PAN nanofiber membranes whose diameter, porosity, and pore size are notably influenced by the amount of the GO content. These composite membranes also exhibit a gradual reduction in the water contact angle as a function of the hydrophilic GO content, resulting in a beneficial property for water purification. In addition, the proper integration of GO into the PAN nanofibers improves the protein rejection rate and water flux during the filtration process, which indicates the possibility of utilizing these types of composite membranes in water treatment systems. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 45858.

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Scheme 1.Diagram of the dead-end filtration apparatus.[Color figure can be viewed at wileyonlinelibrary.com]

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Figure 1.Digital photos and contact angles of the bare PAN,GO,and hot-press treated PAN-GO composite nanofiber menbranes: (a) bare PAN (10 wt %), (b) PAN-GO (0.1wt %), (c) PAN-GO (0.2 wt %), (d) PAN-GO (0.3 wt %), and (e) PAN-GO (0.4 wt %). [Color figure can be viewed at wileyon-linelibrary.com]

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Figure 2. FTIR spectra of the bare GO, bare PAN, and series of the PAN-GO composite nanofiber menbranes. [Color figure can be viewed at wilwyonlinelibrary.com]

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Figure 3. SEM images of the nanofiber menbranes (top and cross-section views): (a) bare PAN (polymer 10 wt %), (b) bare PAN (polymer 10.2 wt %), (c) PAN loaded with GO (0.1 wt %) (d) PAN loaded with GO (0.2 wt %), (e) PAN loaded with GO (0.3 wt %), and (f) PAN loaded with GO (0.4 wt %), where the bottom left valne on each indicates the average diameter of nanofibers.[Color figure can be viewed at wileyonlinelibrary.com]

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Figure 4. Tensile strength of bare PAN and PAN/GO composote men-branes. [Color figure can be viewed at wileyonlinelibrary.com]

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Figure 5. DI water flux of the bare PAN and PAN/GO composite mem- branes. [Color figure can be viewed at wileyonlinelibrary.com]

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Figure 6. BSA rejection test using the bare PAN and PAN–GO compos- ite membranes under 0.1 bar pressure and their corresponding water flux up to ten cycles. [Color figure can be viewed at wileyonlinelibrary. com]

最新文献:用静电纺丝合成纳米纤维作为净化水的薄膜

Figure 7. Representative SEM images of the bare PAN and PAN/GO nanofiber composite membranes after the rejection of BSA: (a) PAN 10 wt %,(b)–(e) PAN loaded with GO from 0.1 to 0.4 wt %, and (f) cellulose membrane. [Color figure can be viewed at wileyonlinelibrary.com]

Conclusions

The systematic loading of GO into PAN nanofibers was suc- cessfully completed by electrospinning. The subsequent hot- press treatment allowed for the conversion of composite nanofiber sheets into thin membranes whose pore size, thick- ness, and porosity were thoroughly evaluated to understand their integrity as water purification filters. A water contact angle of the composite membranes notably decreased with the increase of the GO content due to the hydrophilic nature of GO, concomitantly resulting in the increase of the water flux rate. Lastly, the incorporation of GO into the PAN nanofiber membranes generally improved their mechanical properties and also resulted in the significantly superior pro- tein rejection than that found with the bare PAN membrane

(e.g., a high purification efficiency). As such, the proper modification of the polymer nanofiber materials with hydro- philic GO materials as fillers can allow for the development of novel composite membranes for water purification systems.

近年来,随着工业化进程的持续加快,纺织、金属加工等行业造成了严重的水污染,导致水体中存在大量的重金属离子和有机污染物,严重影响着人们的生活和自然环境,因此迫切需要开发新型多功能、高附加值的过滤材料来应对水污染挑战。本期文献就是说到利用静电纺丝是一种制造纳米纤维的高效技术,静电纺纳米纤维复合过滤材料过滤效率高,相比传统的过滤材料,静电纺纳米纤维支架具有低克重和高孔隙率、高渗透性以及孔径可控性,提供了将过滤和吸附的功能结合在一起的平台,可有效去除污染物;利用纳米纤维材料作为过滤材料,能显著提高吸附能力和过滤效率,从而在过滤领域具有重要的应用价值和前景。

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